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Comprehensive Employment and Tax Guide Estonia

General Overview

- Currency: Euro (EUR)
- Languages: Daily and business communication in Estonian.
- Public Holidays: Approx. 12 days national public holidays.
- Capital: Tallinn
- Fiscal Year: Running from Jan 1 to Dec 31.
- Minimum Hourly Wage: Not established; varies by sector/collective agreements.

Tax Essentials

- Income Tax Range: From 20% to 40% (flat rate).
- Other Taxes: VAT 20%, Corporate tax 20%.

Social Security Contributions

- Employer Charges: From Approx. 1% to 2.9%.
- Employee Charges: 1.6% (unemployment insurance) + 2% (pension).

Employment Contracts & Conditions

- Contract Types: Permanent, Fixed-term.
- Trial Periods: Up to 4 months.
- Paid Holiday: 28 days annually.
- Salary Payment Frequencies: Monthly.
- Termination Notice: Generally 15-90 days, depending on tenure.

Legal Benefits for Employees

- Medical Coverage: State (basic healthcare included).
- Common Non-Compulsory Benefits: Health insurance, additional vacation days.

Hiring Non-Resident/Non-European Workers

- Visa & Work Permits Obligation: Yes, for non-EU/EEA citizens.
- High-Skilled Worker Permits: EU Blue Card; takes about 2 months, salary must be at least 1.5 times the average gross annual salary.
- Visa & Work Permits Timelines: Up to 2 months.

The information provided on these countries serves as a general guideline and may
require verification and updates from legal sources or official websites.